This workshop provides a practical guide to the formulation, wording and sequencing of open-ended questions (OEQs), in the context of a semi-structured interview, and as part of a mixed methods study. First, we briefly review the purpose of open-ended questions in interviews (e.g., to gather detail of experience to better understand the interviewees' perspectives; to gain insights in regard to phenomena). We then look at how to frame OEQs around a particular topic and how to write them using accessible language from a set of research questions. Next, we explore the formulation of different types of open-ended questions used for different interviewing functions that probe for information that is descriptive, refining, reflective or hypothetical (e.g., "if X happened how would you respond?'). Next, we highlight other OEQ writing tricks (e.g., sequencing easier before harder to answer questions) and traps to avoid (e.g., leading or overly sensitive questions). Finally, we prepare you to apply these concepts to your own research interview script, in order to achieve a desirable level of saturation i.e., no new information can be gained from the OEQs formulated and to help set it up for using a mixed methods thematic analysis. This workshop is suitable for those new to writing open-ended questions for interviews and/or have interest in applying these skills within a mixed methods study, along with those who have experience but want to further refine their practice.
Format: This workshop will be delivered online during a 2.5-hour period, via Collaborate, with active learning activities and including ½ hour Q & A.
Pre-requisites: Participants are encouraged to read the recommended reading in advance. This workshop differs from "Formulating Open-ended Questions for Surveys as part of Mixed Methods' as questions are designed for "real time' delivery. This workshop is a useful, although not mandatory, prerequisite for the "Interviewing Skills as part of Mixed Methods' workshop.
Relationship to other RED workshops and seminars: This workshop is a companion for "Interviewing to Quantify Expert Knowledge with Uncertainty', "Deductive and Inductive Thematic Analysis of Interview Data within a Mixed Method Framework', "Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis of Interview Data in QUAL-dominant MM' and "Integrating Hermeneutic Phenomenology in QUAL-dominant MM'.
Recommended Reading, before attending: Holloway, I., & Galvin, K. (2016). Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare. London, U.K.: John Wiley & Sons. Available as an e-book via Griffith University Library. Please read pp. 89-92.